Why Did The Landlords Obtain The Agreement From The Sharecroppers

Question 38. How did a visit to Champaran become a turning point in Gandhi`s life? Does this show Gandhi`s love and concern for the ordinary people of India? (Comptt. All India 2015) Answer: The Champaran episode began as an attempt to fight injustice against the unfortunate peasants in order to alleviate their suffering. Later, it turned out that this was Gandhiji`s noisy statement that the British could not order it in his own country. It noted the effectiveness of non-cooperation as a means of fighting for justice. Gandhiji was not intimidated by British officials or their offers. The Champaran episode was not the result of contempt for the authorities, but the result of sincere efforts to alleviate the suffering of the masses. He revealed Gandhiji`s principles in the political sphere. After winning the peasant battle against the English landowners, Gandhiji remained in Champaran for the cultural and social uprising of the poor and backward villages of Champaran.

Question 14: Why did Gandhi accept a 25% refund agreement to the peasants? Or why did Gandhi accept the planter`s offer to give farmers a 25% refund? Answer: When the owners agreed to pay a refund of only 25%, they wanted to create an impasse that would prolong the dispute. To everyone`s surprise, Gandhi accepted the offer. According to him, the amount of the refund was less important than the fact that the owners were forced to give up part of their money and therefore part of their prestige. In response, the owners hired thugs to force the farmers to sign the deal. Question 8. How did Gandhi criticize lawyers? [Abroad 2015] Answer: Gandhiji learned the fate of the poor peasants of Champaran. He was told that lawyers in Muzzafarpur often represented pea groups in court. Gandhiji reprimanded them for collecting a large fee from sharecroppers.

After his abduction, the lawyers realized that it was shameful for them not to help the peasants, since Gandhi, as a foreigner, was even willing to go to prison for the peasants. Question 27. How did Gandhiji use satyagraha and non-violence in Champaran to achieve his goal? (2011) Answer: Gandhiji reached Champaran with the aim of alleviating the suffering of peasants by British landowners. He met with the secretary of the Owners` Association and the commissioner who asked him to leave Champaran. They signed the order, but also wrote that Gandhiji would disobey him and sent a full report to the viceroy. This was followed by spontaneous protests by thousands of farmers around the courthouse. The lawyers also decided to follow Gandhiji to prison, which closed the case against him. This was the first victory of civil disobedience. Then, an official investigation into the situation of Indigo sharecroppers was launched and the owners agreed to reimburse the farmers. The sharecropper accepted the 25% refund.

The owners gave up some of the money with some of their prestige. Thus, Gandhiji achieved his goal of eliminating the fear of poor peasants and obtaining justice for them through “satyagraha” and “non-violence”. Gandhiji spoke to the lawyers about the sharecroppers` court cases. They informed him of the cases and also told him about the amount of their fees. Gandhiji reprimanded lawyers for collecting large fees from sharecroppers. He said it was useless to go to court when the peasants were so crushed and fearful. .

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